PDF | The physical and mental health of a human being is largely dependent upon good nutrition. The carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins. PDF | ABSTRACTDiabetes mellitus is one of the major public health problem worldwide. Ilaj bil ghizaaimed at gaining the person's original. Ghiza (diet) is one of the vital necessities of life. During prehistoric period most of the people considered diet only to satisfy their hunger pangs, but with the.
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Ilaaj Bil-Ghiza. bil yad (surgery).[7,8] The Ilaj bil ghiza is a distinctive non-medicinal therapy in which the treatment is done by modulation in dietary habits, i.e. ILAJ BIL-GHIZA. by: Hakeem Mohammed Aslam Shaheen Qadri. Topics: ILAJ BIL -GHIZA. Collection: opensource. Language: Urdu.
These six factors are atmospheric air, food and drinks, rest and physical activity, psychological activity, sleep and wakefulness, elimination and retention 25 — Different ideas about treatment or ilaj were introduced in traditional medicine that are ilaj-bil-Tadbeer regimental therapy , Ilaj- bil -Ghiza dietotherapy , Ilaj- bil -Dawa pharmacotherapy 28 , Ilaj- bil -Yad surgery The aim of this study is to overview the relationship between dystemprament sue Mezaj and treatment of diseases.
Material and Methods 2. The initial search strategy identified about references.
In this study, 48 studies were accepted for further screening and met all our inclusion criteria [in English, full text, dystemprament, diseases, sue mizaj, temperament, treatment, management]. Eligibility criteria Inclusion criteria included the following keywords used to search for the relevant articles published from August to June ; their full text should be available and in English.
Articles included consisted of clinical trials, in vitro, in vivo, review, and meta-analysis studies. Exclusion criteria were abstracts and being not in the timeline of the study. Those articles not matching our inclusion criteria being in languages other than English and between the timeline of the study were excluded. In the screening and selection of article, the presence of inclusion and exclusion criteria also were checked. Based on the search results, 62 articles were identified.
Nevertheless, 14 studies were excluded from the review, leaving 48 articles for further analysis. Results and discussion 3.
If the cause is fear or grief, then it must deal with tranquility and confidence; but first the etiology of the disease must be diagnosed To begin treatment, first the habits of that person should be distinguished and their benefits and harms be considered.
If it is beneficial, the habits should be changed. A Unani physician discovered that one and every person at the same time may have a hot organ and a cold organ. In this situation, eating both types of foods, i. The admixture of hot and cold drugs should be boiled and ask the patient to take it in the case that disorder resulted from different temperaments of two organs of body one is hot and another one is cold. Intake of drug causing these two contradicting states was decreased and gradually improved Whenever the hot and cold temperament becomes dominant, bilious diseases take over.
Thus, vomiting and juice of cold and moist fruits are proposed to treat this condition In the case of hot and moist temperament, the treatment is as follow: lots of exercise, taking a bath before meals and after exercise, urinating, gargling, labs, avoidance of tadbeer, which increases hotness and moisture 4.
In the case of cold and dry temperament, which is the worst of all among temperaments in that it is similar to that of elderly , treatments are those tadbeer that increase hotness and moisture enriched sherbet, message in bath, oil immersion, eat hot and moist and latif meal 4 ; for cold and moist temperament, treatment consists of lots of exercise, dry food, less sleep and hammam, and oil immersion before hammam. Treatments of diseases 3. Principles of treatment Usoole ilaj of diseases Unani scholars proposed many kinds of principles.
Some of them were placed under the headings of ilaj-bil-tadbeer regimental therapy ; others were of ilaj-bil-ghiza dietotherapy or ilaj-bil-dawa pharmacotherapy and ilaj bil yad surgery. These therapies are explained one by one. To treat diseases, the temperament, states of the patient, and his organ should be first examined and the rate of his tolerance should be diagnosed.
To disperse the morbid matter from the affected part Tahleel-e-mawad ; Haar nutool is used. To alter the temperamental state of the organ Tadeel-e-Mizaj and as a tonic; Haar and Barid Nutool is used alternately.
To relieve pain, for softening of organs and to avoid congestion Imtalah , as in trauma Zarba wa Sakta ; Barid Nutool is used. To relieve fatigue; Haar Nutool is used. To enhance or increase the blood supply, correct cold temperament or to rectify the temperament of a particular organ; Haar Nutool is used.
To achieve antispasmodic and detoxifying effect; Barid Nutool is used. To evacuate waste products through skin; Haar Nutool is used. Method; Oil or other medicated liquids such as Joshanda decoction of herbs , Khaisanda infusion , milk, plain water, Luke warm water or Cold water is poured continuously in rhythmic flow onto the forehead or other specific organ from a height approx.
ISSN NO: Nutool on forehead; If Nutool has to be done on forehead, before starting the therapy eyes are protected by keeping a cotton swab soaked in plain water over the closed eye lids.
The oil flowing down the head is collected in container placed beneath the outlet of Nutool table. The collected oil can be reused to maintain the uninterrupted flow of oil over the head for duration of minutes. Position of Nutool on forehead. He has also written that weak and cachexic persons should first go for oil application Tila , followed by hard massage Dalak Sulb , then moderate exercise Riyazat Motadil , short duration Hammam and then Nutool of cold water.
Sudda-e-barid Phlegamatic headache , Duwar wa subat vertigo and comma ; Nutool of following drugs in equal quantity are recommended; Maticaria chamomilli Baboona Trigonella uncata Akleelul Mulk , leaves Anethum sowa Barge garshabt , Artimisia vulgaris Baranjasif.
Alcoholic headache Sudah khumari; Rosa domestica Gulab , Vinegar derived from Vitis vinefera Sirka angoori are mixed together and Nutool is done. Warm-e-suddi Mastitis ; Vinegar sirka with hot water natool is done. Following drugs are also used in mastitis in equal amount after boiling them in equal quantity; Maticaria chamomilli Baboona , seeds of Anethum sowa Tukhm Soya , Trigonella foenum Hulbah and Castor canadensis Jund be daster.
Waja ul mafasil Arthiritis ; Cuscuta reflexa Akash bael and Solanum nigrum Makooh khushk are used for Nutool, followed by massage with Roghan gul or Roghan hina mixed with powdered Juniperus communis Abhal khushk. Sarsam haar meningitis and Sehar Insomnia ; following drugs are used for natool in equal quantity; Violo odorata Gul-e- Banafsha , Lactuca sativa Tukhm-e-kahu , Rosa domestic Gul Surkh , Maticaria chamomilli Gul-e-baboona , Papaver soniferum Post-e-khashkhash.
This technique and regimen is cost effective, safe and without possible side-effects as compared to oral medication, therefore this regimen is patient friendly but further research on scientific parameters is needed in future.
Rais-ur-rehman, Pasha A, Katoch D. Unani System of Medicine the science of health and healing. Correct diet and digestion are assumed to produce correct balance of humours and maintain progress of health, whereas faulty diet and digestion derange the balance and produce disease.
Obviously, the humoural imbalance can be corrected by medication, coupled with proper diet and digestion because improper diet and digestion can aggravate the disease or interfere with the healing effect of medicine. Pharmacoenvironmentology and Unani Medicine The Unani medicine system recognizes the influence of surroundings and ecological conditions on the state of health of human beings. The aim is to restore the equilibrium of various elements, humours and faculties of the human body.
Six essentials for the prevention of health and maintenance of proper ecological balance by keeping water, food and air free from pollution: a atmospheric air; b food and drink; c rest and activity of body; d psychological activity; e sleep and wakefulness; f elimination and retention.
On the other hand, there is also a growing focus among scientists, herbalists and environmentalists about the impact of drugs and herbs on environment and surroundings apart from its impact on animals and human beings. Pharmacoenvironmentology is a branch of pharmacology that deals with entry of chemicals or drugs into the environment after elimination from humans and animals, post-therapy.
Thus, there is also a need of monitoring Unani drugs and its impact on environment. However, evidence is accumulating that a wide range of apparently unconnected ailments can be due to abnormal reactions to ingested materials like food and that a cure can be affected by simply withholding those materials. A difficulty also arises because symptoms are often vague rather than specific, and chronic rather than acute.
Ilaj Bil Ghiza Islamic Book
Complaints of irritability, depression, fatigue, headache, joint and muscle pain or gastro-intestinal disturbances may well be dismissed as being of psychological or emotional origin. Diagnosis is often difficult and time consuming, and may well require skills, which can be provided only by one who has taken a special interest.
Adverse reactions are a cost of modern therapy. Reasons for adverse drug reactions in herbal medicine may be varied, like risks associated with parenteral use are greater because all drugs are prepared for internal purpose or for external application.
Adulteration of herbals with pharmaceutical drugs is a problem in many countries. In the present scenario, when ADR Monitoring is being done on wide scale and in a well-maintained way, there is still a very low reporting of adverse drug reactions of herbs. The legal status and approval mechanism of herbal medicine also varies from country to country and risks associated with its irrational use are also greater. An exclusive drug reaction monitor centre for herbal drugs should be set-up by WHO or other Organization.
Herbal ATC classification for medicinal purposes into a logical hierarchical structure compatible with the WHO Drug Dictionary is one step ahead in this direction.
Conclusion and Recommendations If Unani drugs or any other systems of medicine can provide cure of at least few diseases, then it should be guided that they are used judiciously. Following qualities of Unani drugs are worth mention. They are economical and nutritious, which is important for economical countries; they are no foreign body and hence match with human body physiology.
They have lesser side-effects.
Evidence generation for Unani medicine needs balance between scientific skepticism and spiritual sensitivity. The concepts of evidence in Unani may be built with meta-analysis, individual RCT, opinion of expert authority , statement of credible persons, perception through senses or mind, inference based on reasoning, planning based on the basis of clinical experience , descriptive studies, applicability to general population and other populations and reports of expert committees.
Following shortcomings with regard to evidence in Unani medicine are to be taken care of: complex, individualized treatments including pharmacogenetic,[ 9 ] lack of standardization, appropriate placebo interventions, ethical limitations on type of comparisons, maintenance of blinding, devaluation of information from other sources.
The number and type of drugs is constantly increasing, while the financial resources for health care services in general remain limited.
Importance of pharmacovigilance in Unani system of medicine
Therefore, rational drug management has become an increasingly important topic in order to make optimal use of the drug budget and to offer health services of the highest possible standard, safe and devoid of adverse drug reactions. Study of indigenous medicine including Unani in relation with drug safety and quality assurance is thus imperative. There is no systematic data on the incidence of traditional medicine-associated adverse effects. One of the difficulties has been that there are many complex issues relating to adverse event detection with traditional products.
These include the problems of products with multiple ingredients, drugs of multiple systems of medicine,[ 10 ] misclassification of names, poor standardization of products, lack of clinical trials,[ 11 ] variation in manufacturing processes, contamination, adulteration and misidentification of herbs.
References 1. Rahman HSZ. Historical perspective of traditional medicine with special reference to ADRs. Ibn Sina. In: Mazhar H. Shah, editor. Karachi: Denisenko PP.
INSA; Vol. New Delhi: Development of pharmacology and toxicology in the medicine of India and Middle Asia; pp.
Pharmacovigilance: an update.This kind of ilaj is helpful in dealing with disease such as those of the liver, peptic ulcers, hypertension, migraines, menorrhagia, diarrhea, diabetes mellitus, and constipation Table 1.
Intake of drug causing these two contradicting states was decreased and gradually improved To treat diseases, the temperament, states of the patient, and his organ should be first examined and the rate of his tolerance should be diagnosed. According to Unani system of medicine, each individual has either cold, hot, dry or moist temperament.
Development of pharmacology and toxicology in the medicine of India and Middle Asia; pp. Conclusion While traditional medicine contains many useful, less expensive, and even cheap and less risky remedies for lots of morbidities, modern medicine makes them appear nonrelevant.
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